Chapter 9 world of islam: Afro-Eurasian connections, Ways of the Worl…

 

ways of the world chapter outline

Learn study notes history ap ways world chapter 6 with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of study notes history ap ways world chapter 6 flashcards on Quizlet. Chapter 20 Outline Ways Of The World Study world history more effectively and improve your critical thinking skills by working through a variety of quizzes, activities, and other free resources. Ways of the World Chapter 20 Vocab OF DOOM. 23 terms Created by . Detailed Chapter Outline Chapter 1 First Peoples; First Farmers Most of History in a Single Chapter, to 4, B.C.E. Chapter Opener! The Hazda of Tanzania are one of the last gathering and hunting societies on earth. o likely to disappear soon Ways of the World for the AP.


Ways of the world | CourseNotes


Why did the Mongols have minimal cultural impact on the peoples they conquered? Since the Mongols themselves easily assimilated different cultures into their own, they introduced no new language, culture, or religion to the lands they conquered. Temujin, later dubbed Chinggis Khan, ways of the world chapter outline, succeeded in bringing the Mongols together, unifying them in the Great Mongol Nation by In order to hold his alliance together, Chinggis Khan launched a series of military campaigns against the settled agricultural societies of Eurasia over the half century after Other than that, what made the Mongols so successful was that they never lived with any specific blueprint or plan.

They attacked, conquered and used the excess resources to prepare for another attack, they were ruthless. They also had great timing because at that time China divided and lost control over the nomadic civilizations.

They would also use the conquered people as human shields at times before mutilating those who fought against them which would strike fear in all other tribes. The Mongols united a divided China. The Mongols took a Chinese dynastic title, the Yuan, and moved their capital to a new capital city known as Khanbalik, the "city of the khan" present-day Beijing. In order to effectively control China the Mongols had to accommodate the citizens by adapting parts of their culture and ways of governing, ways of the world chapter outline.

The Mongols took a Chinese dynastic title, the Yuan. The Mongols made use of Chinese administrative practices and techniques of taxation and their postal system. Mongol khans made use of traditional Confucian rituals, which returned the favor with strong political support for the invaders. There were many laws made to preserve the distinction between Mongol and Chinese. He forbade Chinese scholars to learn the Mongol script, which was used for ways of the world chapter outline and correspondence at the upper levels of the imperial government.

Mongols were forbidden to marry ethnic Chinese, and only women from nomadic families were selected for the imperial harem. Even friendships between the two peoples were discouraged. Mongol religious ceremonies and customs were retained. Heavy taxation pushed Persian peasants off their land.

The Mongol rulers in Persia were transformed far more than their counterparts in China were, as the Mongols made extensive use of the sophisticated Persian bureaucracy. Unlike what occurred in China, the Mongols who conquered Persia converted in large numbers to the local Muslim faith.

A number of Mongols turned to farming and married local people, so when their rule in Persia collapsed, they were not driven out as they were from China. The in-migration of nomadic Mongols, together with their immense herds of ways of the world chapter outline and goats, turned much agricultural land into pasture and sometimes into desert. Ghazan made some efforts to repair the damage caused by earlier ruthless exploitation by rebuilding damaged cities and repairing neglected irrigation works.

A number of Mongols also turned to farming, abandoning their nomadic ways. The Mongols were never driven out of Persia, it was just ways of the world chapter outline their Turkic allies disappeared and assimilated into Persian society. They isolated Russians cutting them off from ideas and inventions from the rest of Europe. They also allowed Russians to follow their customs as long as they never rebelled and tolerated all religion. Russians had to owe Mongols slavish obedience and massive amounts of tribute.

What kinds of cross cultural interactions did the Mongol Empire generate? Because of the economic and political relationships the Mongols had with the rest of the world, it caused cross culture transfer.

Mongol policy transferred many craftsmen and educated people to distant parts of the empire, and religious tolerance and merchants also attracted traders. Karakorum was a diverse city with different religions.

They were interested in increased contact with the Mongols because they were less technologically developed, by trading with the Mongols they would get the benefits of new technology, crops, and knowledge. Also, trading with the Mongols would save them from a bloody attack by the Mongols. How did Chinese and other East Asian medical techniques and inventions spread westward to Europe? Khan Ghazan sent envoys to various parts of the ways of the world chapter outline and since Europe had been largely cut off from trade network, the Mongol conquests reopened the path way for them.

It originated most probably in China and spread because of the vast trade routes of the Mongol Empire. It was carried by rodents and fleas and transmitted to ways of the world chapter outline. Also, Chinese voyages to East Africa spread the disease even further.

China, Europe, and the Middle East were densely populated so the areas were more vulnerable. Middle East lost one third of its population. Series of peasant revolts also broke out. At first historians were far more critical of these nomads, presenting them as barbarians who merely plundered other lands.

Historians now highlight their ability to adapt and their role in cross cultural exchange. Because of the recent wars and genocides occurring in the world, Mongols are not as harshly viewed as they were.

The rise of nukes and the U. S provoking and actually being the only country to use them has made Mongol massacres look easy. Previous Chapter Next Chapter, ways of the world chapter outline. Government Vocabulary Important Documents. Vanderbilt Essays Wash. Essays Yale Essays Submit an essay. AP World History Notes. What has been the role in world history of pastoral peoples in general and the Mongols in particular?

Produced agriculture where no one had thought possible. Played roles as traders and bandits on long distance trade routes. Played roles in the collapses of the 2nd wave civilizations and their rebuilds.

Turks carried Islam to new ways of the world chapter outline. Mongols made largest empire of the time; Facilitated closer connections across Eurasia. Mongol tolerance of other religions facilitated spread of religion. In what ways did pastoral societies differ from their agricultural counterparts?

Pastoral societies supported far smaller populations. Pastoral societies generally lived in small and widely scattered encampments of related kinfolk, ways of the world chapter outline.

Pastoral societies were far more mobile. How did the status of women differ in pastoral societies from the settles people? Pastoral societies generally offered women a higher status, fewer restrictions, and a greater role in public life. In what ways did pastoral societies interact with their agricultural neighbors?

Economically, nomads sought access to the foods, manufactured goods, and luxury items available only from their agricultural neighbors. Politically and militarily, pastoral peoples at times came together to extract wealth from agricultural societies through trading, raiding, or extortion.

Culturally, members of some pastoral societies adopted the religions of their agricultural neighbors, including Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Manichaeism, ways of the world chapter outline. Why was it difficult to create a large state among nomadic people Lacked surplus wealth needed to pay for professional armies that would sustain the state. Fierce independence made it nearly impossible to establish a stable political unity.

Why did nomadic societies have military advantages over the other larger populations? They could draw on horseback riding and hunting skill of basically the entire male population. Skills could be easily transferred to the role of a warrior which were practiced starting as a child.

What forms of technology developed among nomadic peoples? They had a large ways of the world chapter outline confederacy. Transformed into a more centralized and hierarchical political system The Arabs widely spread Islam. They developed a reliable camel saddle which enabled Bedouins. They came to control the major trade routes of Arabia using their camels as a military advancement. During their time, they commonly raided the larger civilizations to the south and allied with them to defeat common enemies.

Invaded India and planted Islam there as well. The Berbers lived in North Africa long before the arrival of the Arabs, and their culture probably dates back more than 4, years. The Arabs used the Berbers and enlisted them to conquer Spain and this was primarily the reason on Islamic expansion to North Africa.

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Chapter 8 Ways of the World AP World History Book By R. Strayer - Chi…

 

ways of the world chapter outline

 

Detailed Chapter Outline Chapter 1 First Peoples; First Farmers Most of History in a Single Chapter, to 4, B.C.E. Chapter Opener! The Hazda of Tanzania are one of the last gathering and hunting societies on earth. o likely to disappear soon Ways of the World for the AP. Chapter 20 Outline Ways Of The World Study world history more effectively and improve your critical thinking skills by working through a variety of quizzes, activities, and other free resources. Ways of the World Chapter 20 Vocab OF DOOM. 23 terms Created by . Learn study notes history ap ways world chapter 6 with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of study notes history ap ways world chapter 6 flashcards on Quizlet.